In the vision to combination article, we showed how the creation of a passed pawn and holding on to it can give a player tremendous advantage over his opponent, particularly in the end-game. Even if your opponent succeeds in preventing the pawn from queening, it is normally possible only with considerable loss of material and that again gives you enough advantage to chalk out a win!
In the following diagram, you can see that the players appear to have equal position in terms of material and position of the Kings. Rather, Black seems to have the disadvantage of doubled pawns. So it is interesting to note how Black prepares to create a passed pawn and hold on to it at any price!
The game was played between Martin Ortueta and Jose Sanz in Madrid in 1933 and the position is after 29 moves have been played.
|31.||Na4||Rxb2||White was trying to protect the NP, but Black captured it nonetheless to get his passed pawn!
31. a4 g4 32. hxg4 Rxb2 33. a5 Bxa5 34. Rxb2 Bxc3 35. Rc2 Bd4+ 36. Kf1 c3 gives enough passed pawns to win for Black
|32.||Nxb2||c3||Black is ready for 4. Nd3 c4+ 5. Rxb6 cxd3 and the Rook is helpless against the linked passed pawns
|33.||Rxb6||If 4. … hxb6 5. Nd3 c4 6. Nc1 to block the pawns
|33.||…||c4||To prevent Knight move to d3 and play c2
|34.||Rb4||If 5. … cxb2 6. Rxb2 or 5. … c2 6. Rxc4, winning in either case
|34.||…||a5||Black wins for both 6. Rb5 c2 or 6. Rxc4 cxb2
Isn’t it a beautiful end-game?